It was presented at the veterinary clinic, a cat Xista, 12 year-old because she was drinking more water lately, was less active, have had a vomit isolated and it seems that, according to the owner, has lost weight. He was associated it with age, but we told him that 12 years for a cat it means a senior animal and not a geriatric, considered from the age of 14.
A physical examination was performed, and we could point out a mild dehydration (the fold of skin is slower than normal), a generalized weakness and objectively has lost weight (6 months ago he weighed 3.8 kg and is now at 3.2).
We decided to do an analytical study blood, and we find an increase in renal parameters such as creatinine and urea, as well as a mild anemia. A study of urine infections were discarded and we take value of its density. Blood pressure was within normal parameters, but in these cases is very common to find that hypertension that should be treated as they may be causing the problem either worsened renal function. In the abdominal ultrasound could appreciate changes such as the size and structure of kidneys, ie, it’s known that having a small size, we are probably facing a chronic process. With all tests, we can say that Xista presented a chronic renal insufficiency.
Chronic renal failure is a disease that occurs relatively frequent in adult animals, seniors and geriatrics and need some controls in life once is diagnosed.
In these cases, prevention is vital, because making checks on animals without any symptom after a certain age, as might be 8 years, we can make a very initial diagnosis, through diet can prevent and also, in some cases, some drugs, the evolution of a serious illness.
Yet Xista had to be hospitalized 36 hours in hospital with intravenous fluid therapy to restore hydration and improve renal parameters. He was discharged with lifelong treatment with drugs and with a renal diet. We will be making their state controls, but will have a good quality of life and try to slow up the recurrence of new symptoms.