After 3 years 80 % of dogs and 70% cats may begin to suffer the beginnings of periodontal disease severity will increase with the years.
Periodontal disease is an infection of the tissues and bone surrounding the tooth causing severe alterations in the oral cavity and even in other organs.
Small breeds, those weighing less than 10 kg, are predisposed. It also allowed those pieces aligned teeth hurt and especially those of permanent teeth or teeth twice apart from producing bad occlusion favor the accumulation of tartar. Another trigger is canned based diets or soft food diets.
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It all begins when our pets eat and there is an accumulation of oral bacteria and detritus (food scraps), called plaque, is deposited on the teeth and if not removed will mineralized becoming tartar in one or two days.
Over time, this buildup can produce inflammation and infection of the gums, and oral mucosal tissue and bone surrounding the tooth eventually causing movement of parts and even his fall and pathological fractures. This sustained infection in the blood and can cause infections in other parts of the body such as heart valves, kidneys, liver and intervertebral discs.
The evidence that our pet is suffering from periodontal disease are: gums that bleed easily, bad breath, visible tartar and teeth movement, among others.
In these cases a dental cleaning should be done.
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The oral cleaning is made applying ultrasounds on teeth to come off tartar. The devices used in veterinary medicine work in the same way that we find at dentists’, the difference is that our pets can not stand still and need general anesthesia to perform it.
In order to anesthetize the animal with maximum safety, protocols that suit each patient are followed to. Pre-anesthetics tests are performed which consist on a thorough examination, blood tests and an electrocardiogram to increase the safety of anesthetic and detect any changes early on. Once anesthetized, oral cleaning is done using ultrasounds; once tartar is removed, an exploration of the oral cavity and removed those pieces that due to periodontal disease and are unsuitable source of infection. Then, polishment is used to smooth the possible rough surfaces that have been created and a topical disinfectant is applied. The same day of the procedure the patient can go home with one or two days of bland diet to facilitate intake and reduce discomfort.