We sent the CV Costa Brava a case of dystocia in a Vietnamese pig was covered in the first heat.
Although it may seem incredible, having a pig as a pet home is a growing phenomenon. Many people have been seduced by this charming and cute pets, including some celebrities like George Clooney.
These pigs, though belonging to the same species, are not the same animals that populate the farms in many places. In fact it is dwarf Vietnamese pigs, thanks to a thorough training, are able to become a pet fun, playful and obedient can brighten any home.
A normal delivery in pigs lasts an average of 140 minutes and a maximum of 5 hours. The sucker usually head out in front or buttocks with the legs straight. The last pigs may die in childbirth.
Young females tend to have more problems, as well as more than three years.
We must control the pups suckle normally and prevent the sleeping body of the mother after birth crush
Dystocia is common problem in this species and should be delivered by cesarean section as soon as possible because it can appear in addition to presenting a toxemia tissue and friable vessels. Females who have had these problems will be more likely to develop metritis and hipogalaxia.
Given that a sow gestation is 3 months, 3 weeks and three days, when the owner knows if there are problems in childbirth and are faced with a dystocia?:
When the gestation exceeded 116 days, has been more than 40 minutes between a pig and another expulsion of bloody discharge from the vulva, foul smelling or meconium (fetal stool departing after birth that are like a brown ball insidesecretions of the pig), or the animal has contractions but does not leave any piglet.
Apparent when these symptoms should go immediately to a veterinarian, who will diagnose and assess the causes to intervene as soon as possible.
The causes of dystocia may be because the pig is presented badly, too large, the mother has not dilated or not dilated enough, but no uterine dilation uterine atony, the narrow birth canal, uterine torsion, uterine prolapse and vaginal, bladder is full or has restreñimiento
Despite postoperative interventions such piglets almost always require a parenting manual.
If not be used for breeding the ovariohysterectomy is ideal because it avoids the risk of ovarian cysts, uterine tumors and cystic endometrial hyperplasia. Although most ovarian and uterine masses can be surgically removed, some are so large and invasive that is required euthanasia.
Returning to our patient, which had more days of birth had only managed to have 2 pigs, one died of the four that were expected.
We performed an ultrasound to see the status of the piglets, showing that they were already dead.
Blood was drawn for preoperative examination, being all within normal limits.
Stabilized with fluids, intravenous antibiotics and underwent caesarean section because the owners wanted to have more offspring in the future.
Despite the hours of labor the array status was normal and was maintained for breeding.
The dead pigs already showed an advanced state of decomposition.
After intervention by the mother recovered normally and stabilized after a few hours went home.